1 Introduction</h5> Youth alcohol and cigarette use have long been understood to be driven by peer influence. Studies consistently demonstrate that youth with substance-using peers are likely to engage in similar behaviors ( Ali & Dwyer, 2009; Dishion & Owen, 2002; Hall & Valente, 2007; Fujimoto & Valente, 2015; McVicar, 2011; Lakon & Valente, 2012; Urberg, Luo, Pilgrim, & Degirmencioglu, 2003 ). As a result, scholars have been quick to discount the relevance of socially marginalized youth when exploring behavior thought to be thoroughly social in nature. While a small body of work has documented a link between social isolation and youth substance use, most research in this area does not consider the possibility of multiple types of social isolation. Thus the present study examines the effects that various types of social isolation have on alcohol and cigarette use among youth.</P>Although most studies of youth alcohol and cigarette use focus on substance-using peers, a growing number of network studies focus on social position when examining youth alcohol and cigarette use. For instance, studies consistently find that social isolates are at increased risk for cigarette use. In a meta-analysis of eight studies investigating friendship, social positions and smoking, Choi
Addictive Behaviors – Elsevier
Published: Feb 1, 2016
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