A large sample (N = 1139) of adults ≥75 years from the 2011–2014 NHANES cohorts was used to examine predictors of high-level health. Analyses were done with SAS to control for sample weights and allow results to be reported as population parameters. The majority of participants described their health as high-level (73.6%). Logistic regression found a longer sleep duration, minority status, decreased income, multiple medications, low physical activity, and late stage memory impairment were significant predictors of low-level health (p < .05) while sex, education level, marital status, body mass index, and depression symptoms were not. The assessment of sleep should be expanded to cover dimensions such as sleep quality and sleep disorders to help maintain wellness in older adults. This study supports that the majority of older adults have high-level health and identifies several modifiable factors to maintain wellness.
Geriatric Nursing – Elsevier
Published: May 1, 2018
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