The characteristics and properties of waste in a landfill, and its evolution over time, are difficult to estimate because of the heterogeneity of materials, biomass degradation, density, cover material, and infiltration of water. In this work, a lysimeter was used to simulate how refuse from mechanical-biological treatment (MBT) plants evolved in a landfill over a 45-day period. Water was added as a way to imitate the effects produced during rainy seasons. Field capacity and changes in the physical and chemical properties (volatile solids, biomass, and heating value) were analyzed. The results of this research show that the percentage of biomass lowers, and the heating value increases, after bringing about infiltration and percolation of water in the waste mass. Therefore in order to stabilize waste in a landfill, employing irrigation or leachate recirculation could be advisable. As the heating value increases after percolation, it could also be a good idea to recover the fuel material after stabilization.
Journal of Environmental Management – Elsevier
Published: Dec 15, 2017
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