Forest Ecology and Management 363 (2016) 159–168 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Forest Ecology and Management journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/foreco Semi-naturally managed forests support diverse land snail assemblages in Estonia Liina Remm , Asko Lõhmus Department of Zoology, Institute of Ecology and Earth Sciences, University of Tartu, Vanemuise Street 46, EE-51014 Tartu, Estonia article i nfo abstract Article history: Snails are an integral part of most forest ecosystems where their sensitivity to timber harvesting depends Received 17 October 2015 on insufﬁciently understood interactions of multiple factors. Some snail species have been reported to Received in revised form 15 December 2015 indicate natural forest conditions, and deadwood-rich old growth stands are known to be particularly Accepted 17 December 2015 species rich. Other studies demonstrate rich snail fauna in young forests and hypothesize that clear- Available online 30 December 2015 cutting is less detrimental on wet soils. We investigated forest management impacts on snail assem- blages in hemiboreal Estonian forests. We sampled 100 stands using a balanced design of ﬁve site types Keywords: and four management stages (old growth; mature forest; retention cuts and clear-cuts 4–19 years post Forest management harvest). The material comprised ca. 12,500 live individuals and included 52 species
Forest Ecology and Management – Elsevier
Published: Mar 1, 2016
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