As charismatic and transformational leadership theories have broadened their perspective to include situational factors (i.e., crisis), it is important to understand how specific leader behaviors might interact with such situations. Recently, Choi and Mai-Dalton (Leadersh. Q. 10 (1999) 397; Leadersh. Q. 9 (1998) 475) have given both empirical and theoretical attention to the behavior of self-sacrifice, which is an important facet of both Transformational (Organ. Dyn. 13 (1985) 26) and Charismatic Leadership Theories (Acad. Manage. Rev. 12 (1987) 637; House, R. J. (1977). A 1976 theory of charismatic leadership. In J. G. Hunt & L. L. Larson (Eds.), Leadership: The cutting edge (pp. 189–207). Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press). The present experimental study investigates the effects of self-sacrificial behavior, along with the effects of situational crisis on followers' perceptions of their leader's charisma and organizational commitment. Leaders are perceived particularly well when exhibiting self-sacrificial behavior in times of crisis.
The Leadership Quarterly – Elsevier
Published: Apr 1, 2004
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