1 Introduction</h5> The debate over private versus public schooling continues to be highly contentious. As part of this a large literature has developed that aims to examine the effect of school type on student outcomes (see for instance Coleman, Hoffer, & Kilgore, 1982; Hoxby, 2003; Witte, 1992 ). One key point of comparison has been student test score performance. Comparisons of test score performance between public and private schools, including Catholic schools, typically reveal a large difference in favor of private providers. The chief empirical issue is identifying differences in educational treatment effects across school types separately from confounding factors such as school choice. Again, a substantial literature seeks to disentangle these channels through which private schools may ‘outperform’ public schools primarily with the aim of identifying the underlying treatment effect of private schooling (see for instance Altonji et al., 2005a, 2005b; Evans & Schwab, 1995; Neal, 1997 ). While it remains an open and contentious question, the general view is that private schools cause higher educational performance. 1 1 It is worth noting that a recent special issue on charter schools in the Economics of Education Review highlights that the evidence on the aggregate effect of charter
Economics of Education Review – Elsevier
Published: Feb 1, 2014
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