It was previously shown that inspiratory resistive loading (IRL) increases the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) level of beta endorphin in awake goats, and also that the slower ventilation induced by injection of this substance into the CSF of anesthetized dogs is suppressed after vagotomy. In the present study, performed on anesthetized rabbits, we evaluated the part played by vagal afferents in the ventilatory response to IRL after opioid receptor blockade by naloxone. During unloaded breathing, naloxone injection did not modify baseline ventilation. Conversely, naloxone partially reversed IRL-induced hypoventilation through an increase in respiratory rate. This effect was abolished after either vagotomy or cold blockade of large vagal fibers, but it persisted after procaine blockade of thin vagal fibers. These results suggest that pulmonary stretch receptors, which are connected to some large vagal afferent fibers, would play a major role in the ventilatory response to IRL under opioid receptor inhibition.
Neuroscience Letters – Elsevier
Published: Feb 15, 1995
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