Role of reactive oxygen intermediates in interleukin 10 release after cold liver ischemia and reperfusion in mice

Role of reactive oxygen intermediates in interleukin 10 release after cold liver ischemia and... BACKGROUND & AIMS: Reactive oxygen intermediates and cytokines are key effectors in reperfusion injury after liver ischemia. We hypothesized that reactive oxygen intermediates act as a signal for the release of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and interleukin 10 (IL-10) after reperfusion of cold-preserved livers. METHODS: An endotoxin-free isolated perfused mouse liver system was designed. Harvested mouse livers were stored at 4 degrees C for 0-28 hours and reperfused for 90 minutes with a warm oxygenated Hank's balanced salt solution (alone or with additives). Cytokine messenger RNA (mRNA) from whole liver was measured by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction. Cytokine protein levels and liver injury assessed by alanine aminotransferase levels were evaluated in liver effluent during reperfusion. RESULTS: TNF and IL-10 mRNA and protein concentrations were increased after reperfusion of ischemic livers. N-Acetylcysteine and allopurinol dramatically decreased TNF (-64% and -62%) and IL-10 (-49% and -57%) levels in the effluents, as did an inhibitor of the transcription factor NF-kappaB mobilization (-73% and -76% for TNF and IL-10, respectively). Liver injury was decreased by -40%, -43%, and -54% for the three inhibitors, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Reactive oxygen intermediates are involved in TNF and IL-10 release after reperfusion of cold-preserved livers. (Gastroenterology 1997 Nov;113(5):1701-6) http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Gastroenterology Elsevier

Role of reactive oxygen intermediates in interleukin 10 release after cold liver ischemia and reperfusion in mice

Loading next page...
 
/lp/elsevier/role-of-reactive-oxygen-intermediates-in-interleukin-10-release-after-4uphUmfkM8
Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 1997 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN
0016-5085
eISSN
1528-0012
D.O.I.
10.1053/gast.1997.v113.pm9352875
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Reactive oxygen intermediates and cytokines are key effectors in reperfusion injury after liver ischemia. We hypothesized that reactive oxygen intermediates act as a signal for the release of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and interleukin 10 (IL-10) after reperfusion of cold-preserved livers. METHODS: An endotoxin-free isolated perfused mouse liver system was designed. Harvested mouse livers were stored at 4 degrees C for 0-28 hours and reperfused for 90 minutes with a warm oxygenated Hank's balanced salt solution (alone or with additives). Cytokine messenger RNA (mRNA) from whole liver was measured by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction. Cytokine protein levels and liver injury assessed by alanine aminotransferase levels were evaluated in liver effluent during reperfusion. RESULTS: TNF and IL-10 mRNA and protein concentrations were increased after reperfusion of ischemic livers. N-Acetylcysteine and allopurinol dramatically decreased TNF (-64% and -62%) and IL-10 (-49% and -57%) levels in the effluents, as did an inhibitor of the transcription factor NF-kappaB mobilization (-73% and -76% for TNF and IL-10, respectively). Liver injury was decreased by -40%, -43%, and -54% for the three inhibitors, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Reactive oxygen intermediates are involved in TNF and IL-10 release after reperfusion of cold-preserved livers. (Gastroenterology 1997 Nov;113(5):1701-6)

Journal

GastroenterologyElsevier

Published: Nov 1, 1997

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create folders to
organize your research

Export folders, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off