Overexposure to manganese (Mn) leads to manganism and neurotoxicity induced by Mn is the focus of recent research. Microglia play a vital role in Mn-induced neurotoxicity, and our previous studies firstly showed that Mn could stimulate activation of microglia, leading to the neuroinflammation, and inhibition of microglial inflammation effectively attenuated Mn-induced death of dopamine neurons. However, the detailed mechanism of manganese-induced neuroinflammation is still unclear. Leucine rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) is a key molecule in the pathogenesis of many neurodegenerative disorders. Recent studies have indicated that LRRK2, which is highly expressed in microglia, plays a specific role in microglia and autophagy process. In this paper, we try to find the effect of LRRK2 on Mn-triggered neuroinflammation and its possible mechanism in vivo and in vitro. By establishing a Mn exposure animal model, our studies found that Mn exposure could induce dopaminergic neurons damage and activate microglia. Activated microglia triggered neuroinflammation by releasing multiple inflammatory cytokines, and the expression of LRRK2 was upregulated in vivo and in vitro. We also found that Mn exposure induced autophagy dysfunction in vivo and in vitro. Next, we used LRRK2 siRNA and LRRK2-IN-1 to inhibit the expression of LRRK2, and found that inhibition of LRRK2 could not only decrease the expression of inflammatory cytokines, but also recover autophagic function of microglia. Our investigation not only reveals the role of LRRK2 in Mn-induced neuroinflammation but also sheds light on the prevention and protection of manganism.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications – Elsevier
Published: Mar 25, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.
Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.
It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera