Non-flammable rechargeable aqueous sodium-ion batteries (RASB) made from natural abundant resources offer promising opportunities in large-scale energy storage, yet the low energy density as well as low voltage output and the limited cycle life hinder their practical applications. Here, we develop a high-voltage RASB based on rhombohedral zinc hexacyanoferrate as cathode materials, carbon-coated NaTi2(PO4)3 as anode materials and ternary NaClO4-H2O-polyethylene glycol (Na-H2O-PEG) as electrolyte to overcome these drawbacks. Such an RASB can deliver a high voltage output of 1.6 V with a specific energy density of 59 Wh kg−1 based on the total mass of active electrode materials. In addition, it possesses an excellent rate capability as an ultra-capacitor (2.7 kW kg−1). The capacity retention more than 91% is obtained after 100 cycles. Finally, a reversible phase transformation between rhombohedral Zn3[Fe(CN)6]2 and rhombohedral Na2Zn3[Fe(CN)6]2 that are accompanied by the insertion/extraction of sodium ion in zinc hexacyanoferrate is unveiled.
Journal of Power Sources – Elsevier
Published: Mar 15, 2018
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