The pyranocoumarins, (±)-3′-angeloyl-4′-acetoxy- cis -khellactone, were isolated from Radix Peucedani, the dry root of Peucedanum praeruptorum Dunn, through bioassay-guided fractionation. The chemical structure of pyranocoumarins was determined by mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. X-ray crystallography showed that there are eight molecules (i.e. two each of four conformers) in each unit cell with their optical activities equally cancelled out. The four conformers are 3′( R )-angeloyl-4′( R )-acetoxy-khellactone in two conformational forms, and 3′( S )-angeloyl-4′( S )-acetoxy-khellactone in two conformational forms. Pyranocoumarins caused apoptotic cell death with IC 50 of 41.9±2.8 and 17.3±8.2 μM for drug-sensitive KB-3-1 and multidrug resistant (MDR) KB-V1, respectively. The two- to threefold sensitivity difference between the two cell lines is interesting considering that the same ratio for doxorubicin is 50–300. Strong synergistic interactions were demonstrated when pyranocoumarins were combined with common anti-tumor drugs including doxorubicin, paclitaxel, puromycin or vincristine in MDR KB-V1 cell line, but not in drug-sensitive KB-3-1 cells. Pyranocoumarins increased doxorubicin accumulation in KB-V1 cells by about 25% after 6 h of incubation. Pyranocoumarins treatment for 24 h down-regulated the expression of P-glycoprotein in KB-V1 cells at both protein and mRNA levels. Pyranocoumarins also transiently reduced the cellular ATP contents in KB-V1 cells in a dose-dependent manner. Our results suggest that pyranocoumarins could be a potential MDR reversing agent.
European Journal of Pharmacology – Elsevier
Published: Jul 18, 2003
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