Medulloblastoma is a highly malignant pediatric brain tumor. About 30% patients have metastasis at diagnosis and respond poorly to treatment. Those that survive, suffer long term neurocognitive, endocrine and developmental defects due to the cytotoxic treatment to developing child brain. It is therefore necessary to develop targeted treatment strategies based on underlying biology for effective treatment of medulloblastoma with minimal side effects. Medulloblastomas are believed to be the result of deregulated nervous system development as evident from the role of WNT and SHH developmental signaling pathways in pathogenesis of medulloblastomas. MicroRNAs are known to play vital roles in nervous system development as well as in cancer. MicroRNA profiling of medulloblastomas identified miR-30 family members' expression to be downregulated in medulloblastomas belonging to the four known molecular subgroups viz. WNT, SHH, Group 3 and Group 4 as compared to that in normal brain tissues. Furthermore, established medulloblastoma cell lines Daoy, D283 and D425 were also found to underexpress miR-30a. Restoration of miR-30a expression using inducible lentiviral vector inhibited proliferation, clonogenic potential and tumorigenicity of medulloblastoma cells. MiR-30a is known to target Beclin1, a mediator of autophagy. MiR-30a expression was found to downregulate Beclin1 expression and inhibit autophagy in the medulloblastoma cell lines as judged by downregulation of LC3B expression and its turnover upon chloroquine treatment and starvation induced autophagy induction. MiR-30a therefore could serve as a novel therapeutic agent for the effective treatment of medulloblastoma by inhibiting autophagy that is known to play important role in cancer cell growth, survival and malignant behavior.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications – Elsevier
Published: Sep 30, 2017
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