Residential carbon dioxide emissions at the urban scale for county-level cities in China: A comparative study of nighttime light data

Residential carbon dioxide emissions at the urban scale for county-level cities in China: A... Carbon emissions from residential energy consumption in urban areas play a pivotal role in meeting emission targets. It is more beneficial to decomposing the emission reduction target to subnational units. This study aims to map urban residential carbon emissions at a finer spatial resolution to offer reference to disaggregating the carbon-reduction targets down to each sub-unit. With the launch of Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership (NPP) satellite, the day-night band of Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) onboard represents a major advancement compared with Defense Meteorological Satellite Program's Operational Linescan System (DMSP-OLS) in terms of radiometric accuracy, spatial resolution and geometric quality. Therefore, the useful proxy was utilized to model the spatial distribution of residential carbon emissions at the urban scale for county-level cities in China. Firstly, the dynamic optimal threshold method was used to extract urban built-up areas based on NPP-VIIRS data and the statistical data. Secondly, comparison was conducted between the NPP-VIIRS data and both original and saturation-corrected DMSP-OLS data to explore the performance of NPP-VIIRS data. Finally, the spatial characteristics were analyzed in detail at the regional, provincial and prefectural level, respectively. The results show that the NPP-VIIRS data performed better in both statistic regression and spatial comparison. The spatial patterns indicated that there was an obvious north-south differentiation, especially the carbon emission density (defined as carbon emissions per grid), which was significantly higher in Northeastern China than that of other regions. The climate elements positively contributed to the increase of carbon emissions in residential sector, especially stimulating emissions related to building heating. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Cleaner Production Elsevier

Residential carbon dioxide emissions at the urban scale for county-level cities in China: A comparative study of nighttime light data

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN
0959-6526
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.01.131
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Carbon emissions from residential energy consumption in urban areas play a pivotal role in meeting emission targets. It is more beneficial to decomposing the emission reduction target to subnational units. This study aims to map urban residential carbon emissions at a finer spatial resolution to offer reference to disaggregating the carbon-reduction targets down to each sub-unit. With the launch of Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership (NPP) satellite, the day-night band of Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) onboard represents a major advancement compared with Defense Meteorological Satellite Program's Operational Linescan System (DMSP-OLS) in terms of radiometric accuracy, spatial resolution and geometric quality. Therefore, the useful proxy was utilized to model the spatial distribution of residential carbon emissions at the urban scale for county-level cities in China. Firstly, the dynamic optimal threshold method was used to extract urban built-up areas based on NPP-VIIRS data and the statistical data. Secondly, comparison was conducted between the NPP-VIIRS data and both original and saturation-corrected DMSP-OLS data to explore the performance of NPP-VIIRS data. Finally, the spatial characteristics were analyzed in detail at the regional, provincial and prefectural level, respectively. The results show that the NPP-VIIRS data performed better in both statistic regression and spatial comparison. The spatial patterns indicated that there was an obvious north-south differentiation, especially the carbon emission density (defined as carbon emissions per grid), which was significantly higher in Northeastern China than that of other regions. The climate elements positively contributed to the increase of carbon emissions in residential sector, especially stimulating emissions related to building heating.

Journal

Journal of Cleaner ProductionElsevier

Published: Apr 10, 2018

References

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