This study aimed to analyze the medication use and related falls risk of central nervous system(CNS) drugs in oncology inpatients, explore the association between CNS drugs and falls. In this study, we enrolled inpatients, hospitalized in the oncology department of the Teaching Hospital of Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, from March 2013 to October 2015. All inpatients were divided into two groups: taking-CNS drugs group (treatment group) and non CNS drugs group (control group). The falls risk between two groups were being compared and analyzed. Results showed that a total of 768 inpatients were enrolled in this study; 401 of them were males and 367 were females; the average age was 47.9±5.8 year-old. Of them, 129 were taking CNS drugs, while 639 were not. In the treatment group, the number of fall patients was 39, at an incidence rate of 30.23%; of the 39 fall patients, 3 suffered fractures, and 1 suffered an intracranialhemorrhage; while in the control group, the incidence of falls totaled at 45, at an incidence rate of 7.04%; 4 of the patients suffered fractures. The difference of incidence rate between two groups had statistical significance (P＜ 0.01). The incidence rate of falls in the treatment group was 4.29 times that in the control group. By the further analysis of CNS drugs, results implied that hypnotics, sedatives, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (no patient taking tricyclic antidepressants in this study), opioids, antiepileptics and antipsychotics had relationship with falls (OR>1). Our finding indicates that oncology inpatients have a higher risk of falls resulting from taking CNS drugs. Therefore, it is necessary to build up a systemic mechanism of nursing safety management on preventing falls of oncology inpatients, to improve nursing quality, and reduce the risk of falls.
Current Problems in Cancer – Elsevier
Published: Mar 1, 2018
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