Relationship between phenotype, carcass characteristics and the incidence of dark cutting in heifers

Relationship between phenotype, carcass characteristics and the incidence of dark cutting in heifers Previous research has suggested that cattle predisposed to dark cutting can be identified from live animal or carcass characteristics. This hypothesis was tested using production and phenotype data from an existing data set collected from heifers (n=467) on study at three farms. Carcasses in the data set graded Canada AAA (n=136), AA (n=296), A (n=14), and B4 (dark cutting, n=21). Farm was identified as significant (P=0.0268) by CATMOD analysis and slaughter weight and carcass weight accounted for the variation in dark cutting frequency across the farms. Analysis of variance indicated that dark cutting heifers had reduced weight at weaning (P<0.0001) and at slaughter (P<0.0001), and produced reduced weight carcasses (P<0.0001). Results of logistic regression indicated that the probability of dark cutting was decreased in heifers slaughtered at live weight greater than 550kg and in carcasses weighing greater than 325kg. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Meat Science Elsevier

Relationship between phenotype, carcass characteristics and the incidence of dark cutting in heifers

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN
0309-1740
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.meatsci.2016.06.020
Publisher site
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Abstract

Previous research has suggested that cattle predisposed to dark cutting can be identified from live animal or carcass characteristics. This hypothesis was tested using production and phenotype data from an existing data set collected from heifers (n=467) on study at three farms. Carcasses in the data set graded Canada AAA (n=136), AA (n=296), A (n=14), and B4 (dark cutting, n=21). Farm was identified as significant (P=0.0268) by CATMOD analysis and slaughter weight and carcass weight accounted for the variation in dark cutting frequency across the farms. Analysis of variance indicated that dark cutting heifers had reduced weight at weaning (P<0.0001) and at slaughter (P<0.0001), and produced reduced weight carcasses (P<0.0001). Results of logistic regression indicated that the probability of dark cutting was decreased in heifers slaughtered at live weight greater than 550kg and in carcasses weighing greater than 325kg.

Journal

Meat ScienceElsevier

Published: Nov 1, 2016

References

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