The aims of the present study were to elucidate features of culprit lesion plaque morphology using optical coherence tomography (OCT) in relation to elevated serum uric acid (sUA) levels and to clarify the impact of sUA levels on adverse clinical outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Clinical data and outcomes were compared between ACS patients with sUA ≥6 mg/dl (high-sUA; n = 506) and sUA <6.0 mg/dl (low-sUA; n = 608). Angiography and OCT findings were analyzed in patients with preintervention OCT and compared between groups of high-sUA (n = 206) and low-sUA (n = 273). Patients with high-sUA were more frequently male (88% vs 74%, p <0.001), younger (median 65 years vs 67 years, p = 0.017), more obese (median body mass index; 24.3 kg/m2 vs 23.2 kg/m2, p <0.001), and had a more frequent history of hypertension (72% vs 62%, p <0.001). ACS with lung congestion or cardiogenic shock was more prevalent in patients with high-sUA (30% vs 13%, p <0.001). Plaque rupture (54% vs 42%, p = 0.021) and red thrombi (55% vs 41%, p = 0.010) were more prevalently observed by OCT in patients with high-sUA. Kaplan–Meier estimate survival curves showed that the 2-year cardiac mortality was higher in patients with high-sUA (12.1% vs 4.2%, p <0.001). The multivariate Cox proportional hazard analysis showed that sUA values independently and significantly predicted cardiac death within 2 years (hazard ratio 1.41 [95% confidence interval 1.26 to 1.57], p <0.001). In conclusion, sUA levels are associated with culprit lesion coronary plaque morphology and raised sUA levels affect cardiovascular mortality after adjusting for several cardiovascular risk factors.
The American Journal of Cardiology – Elsevier
Published: Jul 1, 2018
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