Bleeding events in relation to treatment of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) have previously been associated with mortality. In this study, we investigated the incidence and prognosis of, and variables associated with serious bleedings within 30 days after primary percutaneous coronary intervention in patients from The Third Danish Study of Optimal Acute Treatment of Patients with ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction (DANAMI-3) (n = 2,217). Hospital charts were read within 30 days postadmission to assess bleeding events using thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) and Bleeding Academic Research Consortium criteria. TIMI minor/major bleeding (TMMB) occurred in 59 patients (2.7%). Variables associated with TMMB were female gender (hazard ratio [HR] 3.9, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.2 to 6.7, p <0.0001), symptom-to-catheterization time >3 hours (HR 1.9, 95% CI 1.1 to 3.3, p = 0.02), use of glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor (HR 2.1, 95% CI 1.2 to 3.7, p = 0.01), and increasing S-creatinine (HR 1.1, 95% CI 1.0 to 1.2, p = 0.001). Undergoing 2 in-hospital procedures were not associated with increased risk of TMMB. TMMB was strongly associated with 30-day mortality in multivariable analysis (HR 4.8, 95% CI 2.2 to 10.4, p <0.0001) but not with mortality days 31 to 365. When excluding fatal bleedings from the analysis, a TMMB was no longer associated with 30-day mortality. In conclusion, we found that in a contemporary STEMI-population, the incidence of 30-day TMMB was low. A TMMB was strongly associated with 30-day mortality but not with mortality days 31 to 365. If patients survived a serious bleeding, their short- and long-term prognoses were not affected.
The American Journal of Cardiology – Elsevier
Published: Apr 1, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.
Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.
It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera