Diclofenac (DCF) has been recognized as an emerging contaminant in aquatic environments. Though many studies have investigated the toxic effects of DCF in human and mammals, limited information is available for the responses of genes associated with detoxification metabolisms in non-target aquatic organisms such as fish. In the present study, a small benthic fish Mugilogobius abei, was chosen as the test organism and the effects of DCF on detoxification-related genes at transcriptional level in M. abei were investigated. Partial cDNAs of pregnane-X-receptor (pxr), cytochrome P450 3A (cyp 3a) and alpha-gst were cloned firstly. The responses of cyp 1a, cyp 3a, alpha-gst and p-gp genes and associated microRNAs expressions were measured under different concentrations of DCF exposure (0.5, 5, 50, 500 μg/L) for 24 h and 168 h. Induction of cyp 1a, cyp 3a, alpha-gst, p-gp and pxr mRNA expressions was observed under DCF exposure for different time. Positive concentration-response relationships between DCF concentrations and cyp 1a as well as alpha-gst mRNA expression were observed under DCF exposure for 24 h. The similar trend between pxr mRNA expression and cyp 3a gene expression suggested the role of pxr in regulation of its downstream detoxification genes involved in DCF detoxification in M. abei. The negative correlation between miR-27a and p-gp expression under DCF exposure for 24 h indicated the role of miRNA in post transcriptional regulation on detoxification-related genes mRNAs in M. abei exposed to DCF. Overall, DCF exposure, even at environmental levels, may interrupt the responses of the detoxification genes in M. abei, which may affect the response of the exposed organism to other pollutants. This work provides implications on the bio-monitoring and risk assessment of DCF in aquatic ecosystems by using of local native fish species.
Environmental Pollution – Elsevier
Published: Feb 1, 2018
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