Reduction in soil N2O emissions by pH manipulation and enhanced nosZ gene transcription under different water regimes

Reduction in soil N2O emissions by pH manipulation and enhanced nosZ gene transcription under... Several studies have been carried out to examine nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions from agricultural soils in the past. However, the emissions of N2O particularly during amelioration of acidic soils have been rarely studied. We carried out the present study using a rice-rapeseed rotation soil (pH 5.44) that was amended with dolomite (0, 1 and 2 g kg−1 soil) under 60% water filled pore space (WFPS) and flooding. N2O emissions and several soil properties (pH, NH4+N, NO3−-N, and nosZ gene transcripts) were measured throughout the study. The increase in soil pH with dolomite application triggered soil N transformation and transcripts of nosZ gene controlling N2O emissions under both water regimes (60% WFPS and flooding). The 60% WFPS produced higher soil N2O emissions than that of flooding, and dolomite largely reduced N2O emissions at higher pH under both water regimes through enhanced transcription of nosZ gene. The results suggest that ameliorating soil acidity with dolomite can substantially mitigate N2O emissions through promoting nosZ gene transcription. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Environmental Pollution Elsevier

Reduction in soil N2O emissions by pH manipulation and enhanced nosZ gene transcription under different water regimes

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN
0269-7491
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.envpol.2017.12.066
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Several studies have been carried out to examine nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions from agricultural soils in the past. However, the emissions of N2O particularly during amelioration of acidic soils have been rarely studied. We carried out the present study using a rice-rapeseed rotation soil (pH 5.44) that was amended with dolomite (0, 1 and 2 g kg−1 soil) under 60% water filled pore space (WFPS) and flooding. N2O emissions and several soil properties (pH, NH4+N, NO3−-N, and nosZ gene transcripts) were measured throughout the study. The increase in soil pH with dolomite application triggered soil N transformation and transcripts of nosZ gene controlling N2O emissions under both water regimes (60% WFPS and flooding). The 60% WFPS produced higher soil N2O emissions than that of flooding, and dolomite largely reduced N2O emissions at higher pH under both water regimes through enhanced transcription of nosZ gene. The results suggest that ameliorating soil acidity with dolomite can substantially mitigate N2O emissions through promoting nosZ gene transcription.

Journal

Environmental PollutionElsevier

Published: Apr 1, 2018

References

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