The aim of the study was to evaluate the potential use of Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) for fast and reliable detection of strains producing the lantibiotics nisin, lacticin 481 and lacticin 3147 in a large collection of lactococci. A total of one hundred lactococcal isolates from traditional ewe's and goat's raw milk cheeses were identified to the species level as Lactococcus lactis by MALDI-TOF MS based on comparison with lactococcal entries in the BioTyper database. Mass spectra in the range 2000–4000Da of the identified isolates were compared to reference spectra of three lactococcal strains producing lacticin 481 (IFPL 330), lacticin 3147 (IFPL 105) and nisin (IFPL 503). Only eight isolates had mass spectra with peaks that could be unequivocally identified as lacticin 481 (2900.47Da) or nisin (3330.31Da). None of the assayed isolates matched the mass spectra corresponding to the two-peptide lacticin 3147 (2847.97 and 3306.29Da). The results obtained by MALDI-TOF MS were genetically validated by amplification of the corresponding structural gene coding for lacticin 481, nisin and lacticin 3147. MALDI-TOF MS can be used as a fast and reliable technique to screen a large number of lactococcal isolates for the ability to produce the lantibiotics nisin, lacticin 481 and lacticin 3147.
Journal Of Microbiological Methods – Elsevier
Published: Aug 1, 2017
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