Fuel 212 (2018) 462–469 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Fuel journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/fuel Full Length Article Quaternary blends of diesel, biodiesel, higher alcohols and vegetable oil in a compression ignition engine a, b c Nadir Yilmaz , Alpaslan Atmanli , Francisco M. Vigil Department of Mechanical Engineering, Howard University, Washington DC, USA National Defense University, Istanbul, Turkey Los Alamos National Laboratory, New Mexico, USA GR APHICAL A BSTRACT ARTICLE I NFO ABSTRACT Keywords: Vegetable oils, biodiesel and alcohols are important alternative fuel resources for diesel engines. Prominent fuels Soybean oil of the three types include: soybean oil which has eﬃcient amount of productivity, biodiesel made of waste oils Waste oil biodiesel which do not aﬀect food security and alcohols with high number of carbons. There is potential to use quaternary Higher alcohol blends of diesel fuel, waste oil methyl ester, soybean oil and higher alcohols, such as propanol and pentanol, in Engine characteristics diesel engines for the purpose of increasing the use of biofuels and decreasing fossil fuel consumption. In this Diesel engine work, diesel fuel (D) was mixed with biodiesel (B), and biodiesel-vegetable oil (VO)-alcohol blends using the higher alcohols of propanol (Pro) and pentanol (Pen). Test fuel
Fuel – Elsevier
Published: Jan 15, 2018
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