Quantitative proteomics in Friedreich's ataxia B-lymphocytes: A valuable approach to decipher the biochemical events responsible for pathogenesis

Quantitative proteomics in Friedreich's ataxia B-lymphocytes: A valuable approach to decipher the... Friedreich's ataxia (FRDA) represents the most frequent type of autosomal-recessively inherited ataxia and is caused by the deficiency of frataxin, a mitochondrial protein. It is known that frataxin-deficiency leads to alterations in cellular and mitochondrial iron metabolism and impacts in the cell physiology at several levels. Frataxin is thought to play a role in iron–sulfur cluster biogenesis and heme synthesis. Currently, cellular antioxidant defense is dysregulated when frataxin is deficient, which exacerbates oxidative damage in FRDA. Moreover, alterations in lipid metabolism have been observed in several models of the disease.To better understand the biochemical sequelae of frataxin reduction, global protein expression analysis was performed using quantitative proteomic experiments in Friedreich's ataxia patient-derived B-lymphocytes as compared to controls. We were able to confirm a subset of changes in these cells and importantly, we observed previously unreported signatures of protein expression. Among the novel protein signatures that we have identified, the decrease in CHCHD4 might partly explain some aspects of the molecular pathogenesis of FRDA.The identification of a core set of proteins changing in the FRDA pathogenesis is a useful tool in trying to decipher the function(s) of frataxin in order to clarify the mitochondrial metabolic disease process. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular Basis of Disease Elsevier

Quantitative proteomics in Friedreich's ataxia B-lymphocytes: A valuable approach to decipher the biochemical events responsible for pathogenesis

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Elsevier B.V.
ISSN
0925-4439
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.bbadis.2018.01.010
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Friedreich's ataxia (FRDA) represents the most frequent type of autosomal-recessively inherited ataxia and is caused by the deficiency of frataxin, a mitochondrial protein. It is known that frataxin-deficiency leads to alterations in cellular and mitochondrial iron metabolism and impacts in the cell physiology at several levels. Frataxin is thought to play a role in iron–sulfur cluster biogenesis and heme synthesis. Currently, cellular antioxidant defense is dysregulated when frataxin is deficient, which exacerbates oxidative damage in FRDA. Moreover, alterations in lipid metabolism have been observed in several models of the disease.To better understand the biochemical sequelae of frataxin reduction, global protein expression analysis was performed using quantitative proteomic experiments in Friedreich's ataxia patient-derived B-lymphocytes as compared to controls. We were able to confirm a subset of changes in these cells and importantly, we observed previously unreported signatures of protein expression. Among the novel protein signatures that we have identified, the decrease in CHCHD4 might partly explain some aspects of the molecular pathogenesis of FRDA.The identification of a core set of proteins changing in the FRDA pathogenesis is a useful tool in trying to decipher the function(s) of frataxin in order to clarify the mitochondrial metabolic disease process.

Journal

Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular Basis of DiseaseElsevier

Published: Apr 1, 2018

References

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