Present polymerase chain reaction (PCR) detection methods only allow the qualitative detection of GMO in food without quantitation of the GMO content. Clearly, the availability of quantitative detection methods for GMO analysis is an important prerequisite for the introduction of threshold limits for GMOs in food. PCR is well known to be quantitative if internal DNA standards are co-amplified together with the target DNA. This quantitative competitive (QC) PCR was first described in the early nineties and is widely used nowadays. We have developed and evaluated QC–PCR systems for the quantitative detection of Roundup Ready TM soybean (RRS) and Maximizer maize (MM) in food samples. Three DNA fragments differing from the GMO specific sequences by DNA insertions were constructed and used as internal standards in QC–PCR. These standards were calibrated by co-amplifying with mixtures containing defined amounts of RRS DNA and MM DNA, respectively. The calibrated QC–PCR systems were applied to several commercial food samples containing RRS and to three certified RRS flour mixtures (Fluka standards). Recently, quantitative methods for the detection of RRS were successfully tested in a collaborative study involving twelve European control laboratories. Thus, QC–PCR methods will allow to survey “de minimis thresholds” of GMOs in food.
Food Control – Elsevier
Published: Dec 1, 1999
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