Qualitative content analysis in nursing research: concepts, procedures and measures to achieve trustworthiness

Qualitative content analysis in nursing research: concepts, procedures and measures to achieve... Qualitative content analysis as described in published literature shows conflicting opinions and unsolved issues regarding meaning and use of concepts, procedures and interpretation. This paper provides an overview of important concepts (manifest and latent content, unit of analysis, meaning unit, condensation, abstraction, content area, code, category and theme) related to qualitative content analysis; illustrates the use of concepts related to the research procedure; and proposes measures to achieve trustworthiness (credibility, dependability and transferability) throughout the steps of the research procedure. Interpretation in qualitative content analysis is discussed in light of Watzlawick et al.’s (Pragmatics of Human Communication. A Study of Interactional Patterns, Pathologies and Paradoxes. W.W. Norton & Company, New York, London) theory of communication. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Nurse Education Today Elsevier

Qualitative content analysis in nursing research: concepts, procedures and measures to achieve trustworthiness

Nurse Education Today, Volume 24 (2) – Feb 1, 2004

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2003 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN
0260-6917
eISSN
1532-2793
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.nedt.2003.10.001
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Qualitative content analysis as described in published literature shows conflicting opinions and unsolved issues regarding meaning and use of concepts, procedures and interpretation. This paper provides an overview of important concepts (manifest and latent content, unit of analysis, meaning unit, condensation, abstraction, content area, code, category and theme) related to qualitative content analysis; illustrates the use of concepts related to the research procedure; and proposes measures to achieve trustworthiness (credibility, dependability and transferability) throughout the steps of the research procedure. Interpretation in qualitative content analysis is discussed in light of Watzlawick et al.’s (Pragmatics of Human Communication. A Study of Interactional Patterns, Pathologies and Paradoxes. W.W. Norton & Company, New York, London) theory of communication.

Journal

Nurse Education TodayElsevier

Published: Feb 1, 2004

References

  • Content analysis
    Baxter, L.A.
  • Teaching the analysis of textual data: an experiential approach
    Burnard, P.
  • Content analysis: concepts, methods and applications
    Cavanagh, S.
  • Content analysis: review of methods and their applications in nutrition education
    Kondracki, N.L.; Wellman, N.S.; Amundson, D.R.
  • Nursing, medication education and the new policy agenda: the evidence base
    Latter, S.; Yerrell, P.; Rycroft-Malone, J.; Shaw, D.

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