In fish, vitellogenin is an important nutritional precursor protein produced solely in the liver and released into the blood where it binds calcium. In the gilthead sea bream ( Sparus auratus ) 17β-Estradiol (E 2 ) plays an important role in the synthesis of vitellogenin, but also the pituitary hormones prolactin (PRL) and growth hormone (GH) can stimulate vitellogenin induction in fish. Considering the emerging involvement of PTHrP in fish calcium metabolism and the importance of calcium regulation in reproduction, we investigated the possible role of PTHrP in vitellogenesis. E 2 -naïve and E 2 -primed sea bream hepatocytes were used in an in vitro primary hepatocyte culture and stimulated with a recombinant sea bream PTHrP (sbPTHrP) to establish the contribution of sbPTHrP alone or in combination with E 2 to the regulation of hepatic vitellogenin synthesis. Hepatocytes stimulated solely with sbPTHrP were not affected in their vitellogenesis. However, in hepatocytes stimulated with E 2 in combination with sbPTHrP a higher vitellogenin production was seen than with E 2 alone. It is concluded that sbPTHrP has a potentiating effect on estradiol stimulation of vitellogenin production by sea bream hepatocytes. The sea bream provides a unique model where vitellogenesis regulation can be studied on E 2 -naïve liver cells, both in vivo and in vitro.
General and Comparative Endocrinology – Elsevier
Published: Nov 1, 2006
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