The implementation of the biologically-focused and/or legally-focused approaches to conservation has contributed to the cultural and socioeconomic marginalization of many people living within or close to protected areas (PAs). As a result, many PAs suffer from encroachment by the people living near them. The paper shows how the establishment of conservation initiatives may benefit from: (i) a participatory identification, assessment and establishment process that accounts for existing property rights, local people's needs and wants; and (ii) legislation that recognizes and strengthens customary property rights. The paper considers the lessons derived from experience on the island of Malekula, Vanuatu.
Land Use Policy – Elsevier
Published: Apr 1, 1997
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