1 Introduction</h5> Mangrove forests are now widely recognised as globally important carbon (C) stores ( Bouillon et al., 2008; Chmura et al., 2003; Donato et al., 2011; McKee et al., 2007 ). Despite accounting for just 0.7% of the world’s tropical forest cover ( Giri et al., 2011 ) mangroves play a disproportionately important role in the global C cycle. Recent estimates suggest that as much as 20Pg of C is currently being stored in mangrove biomass, sediments and peat world-wide ( Donato et al., 2011 ). Mangroves do not merely sequester and store C they also provide a number of other key ecosystem services which are ecologically and economically important at local, regional and global scales. Such services include but are not limited to; coastal defence ( Zhang et al., 2012 ), fisheries production ( Aburto-Oropeza et al., 2008 ), habitat provision for terrestrial and aquatic fauna ( Kathiresan and Bingham, 2001 ), timber and fuelwood production ( Dahdouh-Guebas et al., 2000 ), pollution abatement ( Wickramasinghe et al., 2009 ) and regulation of sediment exchange between land and sea ( Duarte et al., 2005 ).</P>The continued degradation and destruction of mangroves world-wide has been highlighted in
Forest Ecology and Management – Elsevier
Published: Dec 15, 2013
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