Venography (retrograde venous angiography) is a relatively simple and practical method for vascular assessment of the digits in the standing horse. The technique is a useful adjunct to routine radiography. The clinical use of the laminitis venogram has resulted in a more comprehensive understanding of the collateral pathology associated with distal phalanx displacement and abnormal hoof growth. The effectiveness of therapeutic procedures such as hoof wall resection, coronary band grooving, deep digital flexor tenotomy, and therapeutic shoeing can be assessed by serial venography. This article discusses the venographic appearance during the transition from the clinically normal hoof to the severe chronic laminitis cases similar to those seen in practice.
Veterinary Clinics of North America: Equine Practice – Elsevier
Published: Apr 1, 2010
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