Nanotechnology is a new technique which is widely applied in several energy systems. The novel process of CO2 absorption or conversion enhancement using nanofluids receives significant attention in recent decades. A comprehensive literature review on CO2 absorption enhancement by nanofluids is here compiled. This present review covers the nanofluids preparation methods, enhancement mechanisms, and the enhancement factors of the gas-liquid system. The nanofluids parameters and fluid flow rates effects on the enhancement of CO2 absorption are discussed and highlighted. Moreover, this review indicates that the CO2-nanofluids system is a promising technique for gas pollution control. However, a lot of future works are needed to increase the absorption behavior and performance of the nanofluids as well as reduce the energy consumption during the capture process.
Renewable Energy – Elsevier
Published: Apr 1, 2018
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