Probiotics: mechanisms and established effects

Probiotics: mechanisms and established effects The definition for probiotics has gradually changed with increasing understanding of the mechanisms by which they influence human health. Health effects related to changes in the intestinal microflora also accompany or are related to adhesion and immune system effects, competitive exclusion or metabolic and nutritional effects, with an increasing array of other potential modes of action. Most clinically documented and validated health effects have been studied using either fermented milks containing viable cultures or viable pure cultures. Specific targets for the future include controlled studies comparing foods containing viable strains to those containing non-viable strains and to assess the combined effects of multiple probiotics. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Dairy Journal Elsevier

Probiotics: mechanisms and established effects

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 1999 Elsevier Science Ltd
ISSN
0958-6946
eISSN
1879-0143
D.O.I.
10.1016/S0958-6946(99)00043-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The definition for probiotics has gradually changed with increasing understanding of the mechanisms by which they influence human health. Health effects related to changes in the intestinal microflora also accompany or are related to adhesion and immune system effects, competitive exclusion or metabolic and nutritional effects, with an increasing array of other potential modes of action. Most clinically documented and validated health effects have been studied using either fermented milks containing viable cultures or viable pure cultures. Specific targets for the future include controlled studies comparing foods containing viable strains to those containing non-viable strains and to assess the combined effects of multiple probiotics.

Journal

International Dairy JournalElsevier

Published: Jan 1, 1999

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