Primer on Dietary Carbohydrates and Utility of the Glycemic Index in Equine Nutrition

Primer on Dietary Carbohydrates and Utility of the Glycemic Index in Equine Nutrition The feeding of “low carbohydrate” or “low glycemic” diets has been recommended for management of horses with metabolic and endocrine disorders in which insulin resistance is a component. A “low carbohydrate” diet is a misnomer, however, because horses require that a significant proportion of their daily ration comprises structural carbohydrates (fiber/forage) to maintain gut health and mental wellbeing. This article provides a detailed description of the different carbohydrates in equine feeds. It also reviews the terminology used to describe glucose and insulin responses to the ingestion of carbohydrates, in particular the concept of the glycemic index. Some of the factors that influence glycemic index in humans and the glycemic response to a meal in horses are also discussed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Veterinary Clinics of North America: Equine Practice Elsevier

Primer on Dietary Carbohydrates and Utility of the Glycemic Index in Equine Nutrition

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2009 Elsevier Inc.
ISSN
0749-0739
eISSN
1558-4224
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.cveq.2009.01.006
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The feeding of “low carbohydrate” or “low glycemic” diets has been recommended for management of horses with metabolic and endocrine disorders in which insulin resistance is a component. A “low carbohydrate” diet is a misnomer, however, because horses require that a significant proportion of their daily ration comprises structural carbohydrates (fiber/forage) to maintain gut health and mental wellbeing. This article provides a detailed description of the different carbohydrates in equine feeds. It also reviews the terminology used to describe glucose and insulin responses to the ingestion of carbohydrates, in particular the concept of the glycemic index. Some of the factors that influence glycemic index in humans and the glycemic response to a meal in horses are also discussed.

Journal

Veterinary Clinics of North America: Equine PracticeElsevier

Published: Apr 1, 2009

References

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