Preparation and characterization of waterborne polyurethane/silica hybrid dispersions from castor oil polyols obtained by glycolysis poly(ethylene terephthalate) waste

Preparation and characterization of waterborne polyurethane/silica hybrid dispersions from castor... Castor oil polyols (COLs) have been synthesized from glycolyzed oligoester polyol in order to produce waterborne polyurethane (WPU)/silica hybrid dispersions. Soft drinks poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) bottles were depolymerized by glycolysis with different molar ratio of poly(ethylene glycol) ( PEG 400), in the presence of zinc acetate as catalyst. The obtained glycolyzed products were reacted with castor oil (CO) to attain castor oil polyols by the process of transesterification. Five castor oil polyols were used with hydroxyl values of 255, 275, 326, 366 and 426mg KOHg−1. Several castor oil-based, polyurethane/silica hybrid dispersions having soft segment content of 39.6% to 28.2% and two concentrations of SiO2 nanoparticles (0.5 and 1.0) have been prepared.The incorporation effect of SiO2 nanoparticles into the PU matrix and the hydroxyl functionality of the COLs on the thermal and mechanical properties of resulting polyurethane films has been examined by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermal gravimetric analysis (TG) and measurement of the mechanical properties. The degree of phase separation (DPS) between oxide nanoparticles and hard segment, and particle size in the polyurethane, depends to some extent on nanosilica content and the hydroxyl functionality of the polyols employed in the polyurethane preparation process.Thermal stability of obtained hybrid materials depends on the hydroxyl functionality of the COLs and nanosilica content. The T10% and T50% (the temperature where 10 and 50% weight loss occurred) of WPU films decreased with the rise of OH functionality of castor oil polyols, caused by the increase of hard segment content. Glass transition temperature increased with increasing OH functionality and SiO2 content. The hardness, adhesion and gloss quality of the polyurethane films were also determined with a view to assessing the effect of mole ratios of PET to glycol in glycolyzed products, the hydroxyl functionality and the SiO2 content. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives Elsevier

Preparation and characterization of waterborne polyurethane/silica hybrid dispersions from castor oil polyols obtained by glycolysis poly(ethylene terephthalate) waste

Loading next page...
 
/lp/elsevier/preparation-and-characterization-of-waterborne-polyurethane-silica-Atig1icVLR
Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN
0143-7496
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.ijadhadh.2016.07.010
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Castor oil polyols (COLs) have been synthesized from glycolyzed oligoester polyol in order to produce waterborne polyurethane (WPU)/silica hybrid dispersions. Soft drinks poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) bottles were depolymerized by glycolysis with different molar ratio of poly(ethylene glycol) ( PEG 400), in the presence of zinc acetate as catalyst. The obtained glycolyzed products were reacted with castor oil (CO) to attain castor oil polyols by the process of transesterification. Five castor oil polyols were used with hydroxyl values of 255, 275, 326, 366 and 426mg KOHg−1. Several castor oil-based, polyurethane/silica hybrid dispersions having soft segment content of 39.6% to 28.2% and two concentrations of SiO2 nanoparticles (0.5 and 1.0) have been prepared.The incorporation effect of SiO2 nanoparticles into the PU matrix and the hydroxyl functionality of the COLs on the thermal and mechanical properties of resulting polyurethane films has been examined by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermal gravimetric analysis (TG) and measurement of the mechanical properties. The degree of phase separation (DPS) between oxide nanoparticles and hard segment, and particle size in the polyurethane, depends to some extent on nanosilica content and the hydroxyl functionality of the polyols employed in the polyurethane preparation process.Thermal stability of obtained hybrid materials depends on the hydroxyl functionality of the COLs and nanosilica content. The T10% and T50% (the temperature where 10 and 50% weight loss occurred) of WPU films decreased with the rise of OH functionality of castor oil polyols, caused by the increase of hard segment content. Glass transition temperature increased with increasing OH functionality and SiO2 content. The hardness, adhesion and gloss quality of the polyurethane films were also determined with a view to assessing the effect of mole ratios of PET to glycol in glycolyzed products, the hydroxyl functionality and the SiO2 content.

Journal

International Journal of Adhesion and AdhesivesElsevier

Published: Oct 1, 2016

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial