Preliminary evidence for an emotion dysregulation model of generalized anxiety disorder

Preliminary evidence for an emotion dysregulation model of generalized anxiety disorder Three studies provide preliminary support for an emotion dysregulation model of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). In study 1, students with GAD reported heightened intensity of emotions, poorer understanding of emotions, greater negative reactivity to emotional experience, and less ability to self-soothe after negative emotions than controls. A composite emotion regulation score significantly predicted the presence of GAD, after controlling for worry, anxiety, and depressive symptoms. In study 2, these findings were largely replicated with a clinical sample. In study 3, students with GAD, but not controls, displayed greater increases in self-reported physiological symptoms after listening to emotion-inducing music than after neutral mood induction. Further, GAD participants had more difficulty managing their emotional reactions. Implications for GAD and psychopathology in general are discussed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Behaviour Research and Therapy Elsevier

Preliminary evidence for an emotion dysregulation model of generalized anxiety disorder

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2004 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN
0005-7967
eISSN
1873-622X
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.brat.2004.08.008
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Three studies provide preliminary support for an emotion dysregulation model of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). In study 1, students with GAD reported heightened intensity of emotions, poorer understanding of emotions, greater negative reactivity to emotional experience, and less ability to self-soothe after negative emotions than controls. A composite emotion regulation score significantly predicted the presence of GAD, after controlling for worry, anxiety, and depressive symptoms. In study 2, these findings were largely replicated with a clinical sample. In study 3, students with GAD, but not controls, displayed greater increases in self-reported physiological symptoms after listening to emotion-inducing music than after neutral mood induction. Further, GAD participants had more difficulty managing their emotional reactions. Implications for GAD and psychopathology in general are discussed.

Journal

Behaviour Research and TherapyElsevier

Published: Oct 1, 2005

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