Models using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) were constructed based on physical-mechanical tests to determine the quality of cattle leather. The following official parameters were used, considering the industry requirements: tensile strength (TS), percentage elongation (%E), tear strength (TT), and double hole tear strength (DHS). Classification models were constructed with the use of k-nearest neighbor (kNN), soft independent modeling of class analogy (SIMCA), and partial least squares–discriminant analysis (PLS-DA). The evaluated figures of merit, accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity presented results between 85% and 93%, and the false alarm rates from 9% to 14%. The model with lowest validation percentage (92%) was kNN, and the highest was PLS-DA (100%). For TS, lower values were obtained, from 52% for kNN and 74% for SIMCA. The other parameters %E, TT, and DHS presented hit rates between 87 and 100%. The abilities of the models were similar, showing they can be used to predict the quality of cattle leather.
Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy – Elsevier
Published: Sep 5, 2018
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