Effects of a cAMP-dependent protein kinase and protein kinase C inhibitor, H-7 (1-(5-isoquinolinesulfonyl)-2-methylpiperazine) and a cAMP-and cGMP-dependent protein kinase inhibitor, H-8 ( N -(2-(methylamino)ethyl)-5-isoquinolinesulfonamide), on the behavioral signs of naloxone (an opioid receptor antagonist)-precipitated withdrawal syndrome and effects of H-7 on the change of protein kinase C activity in the pons/medulla region induced by morphine (a μ-opioid receptor agonist) or butorphanol (a μ/δ/κ mixed opioid receptor agonist) were investigated in this study. Rats were intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.) infused with morphine (26 nmol/μl/h) or butorphanol (26 nmol/μl/h) through osmotic minipumps for 3 days. In some groups, either saline or drug-treated groups were concomitantly infused with H-7 (1 and 10 nmol/μl/h) or H-8 (10 nmol/μl/h). The expression of physical dependence produced by morphine or butorphanol, as evaluated by naloxone (5 mg/kg i.p.)-precipitated withdrawal signs, was reduced by concomitant infusion of H-7 or H-8. In the same condition, morphine and butorphanol chronic treatment enhanced (28.1% and 26.3% enhancement over the saline-treated group, respectively) cytosolic protein kinase C activity in the pons/medulla, but not in the membrane fraction. Furthermore, concomitant infusion of H-7 inhibited the enhancement of protein kinase C activity. These results indicate that various types of protein kinases may play an important role in the development and/or expression of physical dependence on opioids. Among them, the enhancement of cytosolic protein kinase C activity in the pons/medulla region seems to be one of the major underlying mechanisms in opioid physical dependence.
European Journal of Pharmacology – Elsevier
Published: Sep 15, 1995
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