We adopt here a novel approach to identify the para- and meta-aramid fibers using the available free volume in them. Positron Annihilation Lifetime Spectroscopy (PALS) has been employed to characterize the free volume in these fibers. The free volume content in the para-variety (Kevlar) is less and the free volume distribution is narrow as compared to its meta-counterpart (Nomex). The results are further validated by characterizing the free volume content in Nomex IIIA fibers, which is a blend composed mainly of para- and meta-aramid fibers. The free volume results are in good correlation with the mechanical properties of these fibers obtained by Universal Testing Machine (UTM), structural studies by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and storage modulus using Dynamic Mechanical Thermal Analysis (DMTA). The thermal decomposition temperature (Td) of the fibers is characterized by thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA). We also show here the first results of an appreciable glass transition temperature (Tg) not only for the Nomex fibers but also for its blend Nomex IIIA using the combined results of Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) and DMTA.
Polymer – Elsevier
Published: Jan 17, 2018
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