Coal fly ash (CFA) -an industrial solid waste- has tremendous potential to be used as a starting material for development of valuable porous catalysts and adsorbents because of its silicon and aluminum content. Among various products fabricated from CFA by chemical synthesis process, CFA-based porous catalysts have recently gained remarkable interest among researchers. Each CFA–based catalyst has different properties, the most important of which is the ion exchange capability that depends on the chemical composition and structure of the synthesized product. Studies proved that CFA-based compounds can be used as catalysts/photocatalysts in different environmental processes such as degradation of pollutants. Chemical conversion reactions and synthesis of fine chemicals are among other applications, in which CFA is used as substrate for developing different catalysts. In this review paper, CFA-based catalysts have been classified based on their properties and applications. Methods of characterizations including kinetics and isotherm models are discussed. Furthermore, the effect of several parameters including reaction time, reaction temperature, and the ratio of active compounds to CFA substrate on chemical reactions catalyzed by CFA-based catalysts are discussed. This review paper reveals that CFA-based catalysts are highly efficient compounds not only for application in environmental pollution remediation processes, but also in achieving comparable results in chemical conversion reactions for synthesizing fine chemicals. It can be concluded that CFA as a solid waste should be considered as a low-cost source of alumino-silicate that is a promising candidate for developing inexpensive methods of manufacturing highly efficient and eco-friendly porous catalysts for a wide array of applications.
Fuel – Elsevier
Published: Apr 1, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera
Read and print from thousands of top scholarly journals.
Bookmark this article. You can see your Bookmarks on your DeepDyve Library.