Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 100 (2016) 183–198 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/ympev Phylogenetic systematics and a revised generic classiﬁcation of anthidiine bees (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae) a,⇑ b c Jessica R. Litman , Terry Griswold , Bryan N. Danforth Natural History Museum of Neuchâtel, Terreaux 14, 2000 Neuchâtel, Switzerland USDA-ARS, Bee Biology and Systematics Laboratory, Utah State University, Logan, UT 84322, United States Department of Entomology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, United States article i nfo abstract Article history: The bee tribe Anthidiini (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae) is a large, cosmopolitan group of solitary bees that Received 3 August 2015 exhibit intriguing nesting behavior. We present the ﬁrst molecular-based phylogenetic analysis of Revised 28 February 2016 relationships within Anthidiini using model-based methods and a large, multi-locus dataset (ﬁve nuclear Accepted 14 March 2016 genes, 5081 base pairs), as well as a combined analysis using our molecular dataset in conjunction with a Available online 14 March 2016 previously published morphological matrix. We discuss the evolution of nesting behavior in Anthidiini and the relationship between nesting material and female mandibular morphology. Following an Keywords: examination of the morphological characters historically used to recognize anthidiine genera, we Megachilidae recommend
Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution – Elsevier
Published: Jul 1, 2016
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