1 Introduction</h5> 1.1 Mobile phone use and distraction among drivers and pedestrians</h5> “21 year old male was hit by a car while crossing a street and talking on his cell phone. Sprained elbow and lumbosacral sprain.” ( U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, 2011 )</P>Mobile phone subscriptions in the U.S. have increased from approximately 340,000 in 1985 to 302.9 million subscribers in 2010 ( CTIA-The Wireless Association, 2011 ). The exponential increase in use combined with large numbers of people using mobile phones while driving – estimated at 745,000 drivers in the U.S. using hand-held phones at any given daylight moment ( Glassbrennen and Ye, 2007 ) – has stimulated concerns about safety. Studies show slowed reaction times, increased distraction and motor vehicle collisions associated with mobile phone use ( Caird et al., 2008; Drews and Strayer, 2009; Strayer and Johnston, 2001 ). The studies also show that the decrement in driver performance stems more from the distraction from the driving task than to the medium – hands free or handheld ( Drews et al., 2009; Hosking et al., 2009; Ishigami and Klein, 2009; Owens et al., 2011; Patten et al., 2004; Svenson and Patten, 2005 ). Although mobile
Accident Analysis & Prevention – Elsevier
Published: Aug 1, 2013
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