1 Introduction</h5> The term helicopter parent, (i.e. parenting that involves hovering parents who are potentially over-involved in the lives of their child), has appeared in recent popular culture ( Padilla-Walker & Nelson, 2012 ). Padilla-Walker and Nelson suggested that helicopter parenting refers to parental regulation and structuring of the child's behavioral world including daily activities, homework and manners that are intrusive and manipulative of children's thoughts, feelings and attachment to the parents. Helicopter parenting captures parenting behavior that provides the child with high warmth and support, high control and low autonomy. Helicopter parents hover and micromanage their child's life by being overly protective and unwilling to let go ( Van Eck Peluchette, Kovanic, & Partridge, 2013 ). Previous studies indicated that helicopter parents can engage in this style of parenting when their children are emerging adults (e.g., Gabriel, 2010; Marano, 2010 ). However, a part of parent's responsibility is to support their child to complete learning tasks independently ( Wood, Bruner, & Ross, 1976 ), to plan and set goals, monitor performance, change learning strategies ( Pino-Pasternak & Whitebread, 2010 ), self-regulate to seek challenging tasks as opportunities for learning ( Winne & Hadwin, 2008; Zimmerman & Schunk,
Learning and Individual Differences – Elsevier
Published: Aug 1, 2015
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