1 Introduction</h5> Several theoretical models of the development of childhood anxiety disorders have over the years been posed and also empirically tested. Most etiological models (e.g., Ginsburg, Siqueland, Masia-Warner, & Hedtke, 2004; Murray, Creswell, & Cooper, 2009 ) incorporate the role of the parents as a potential risk and/or maintaining factor for the development of anxiety in the child. Although conceptual and terminological differences between the models exist, they generally incorporate parental psychopathology, parental rearing behaviors, and cognitions as factors contributing to both the general development and psychopathological development of the child.</P>Regarding direction, it has been suggested that parental factors may be linked with childhood anxiety by directly causing or eliciting anxiety in the child, and/or that the child's anxiety elicits the specific parenting behaviors ( Wood, McLeod, Sigman, Hwang, & Chu, 2003 ). The most consistent finding is within the area of parental control. Over-involvement or over-intrusive behavior, where parents provide unsolicited help and do not encourage autonomy in the child, seems to be one of the most influential rearing behaviors associated with anxiety disorders ( McLeod, Wood, & Avny, 2011; Rapee, Schniering, & Hudson, 2009 ). Thus, at present, the interaction between parental factors and child
Journal Of Anxiety Disorders – Elsevier
Published: Oct 1, 2014
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