Parent–child interactions and anxiety disorders: an observational study

Parent–child interactions and anxiety disorders: an observational study Past research has indicated a potential link between anxiety and parenting styles that are characterised by control and rejection. However, few studies have utilised observational methods to support these findings. In the current study, mother–child interactions were observed while the child completed two difficult cognitive tasks. The sample consisted of clinically anxious children ( n =43), oppositional defiant children ( n =20) and non-clinical children ( n =32). After adjusting for the age and sex of the child, mothers of anxious children and mothers of oppositional children displayed greater and more intrusive involvement than mothers of non-clinical children. Mothers of anxious children were also more negative during the interactions than mothers of non-clinical children. The differences between anxious and non-clinical interactions were equivalent across three separate age groups. The results support the relationship between an overinvolved parenting style and anxiety but question the specificity of this relationship. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Behaviour Research and Therapy Elsevier

Parent–child interactions and anxiety disorders: an observational study

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd
ISSN
0005-7967
eISSN
1873-622X
D.O.I.
10.1016/S0005-7967(00)00107-8
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Past research has indicated a potential link between anxiety and parenting styles that are characterised by control and rejection. However, few studies have utilised observational methods to support these findings. In the current study, mother–child interactions were observed while the child completed two difficult cognitive tasks. The sample consisted of clinically anxious children ( n =43), oppositional defiant children ( n =20) and non-clinical children ( n =32). After adjusting for the age and sex of the child, mothers of anxious children and mothers of oppositional children displayed greater and more intrusive involvement than mothers of non-clinical children. Mothers of anxious children were also more negative during the interactions than mothers of non-clinical children. The differences between anxious and non-clinical interactions were equivalent across three separate age groups. The results support the relationship between an overinvolved parenting style and anxiety but question the specificity of this relationship.

Journal

Behaviour Research and TherapyElsevier

Published: Dec 1, 2001

References

  • The potential role of childrearing practices in the development of anxiety and depression
    Rapee, R.M
  • What I think and feel: A revised measure of children's manifest anxiety
    Reynolds, C.R; Richmond, B.O
  • The anxiety disorders interview schedule for children
    Silverman, W.K; Nelles, W.B
  • Diagnostic specificity of a brief measure of expressed emotion: A community study of children
    Stubbe, D.E; Zahner, G.E.P; Goldstein, M.J; Leckman, J.F

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