Changes in colonic motility in rats following intravenous (IV) oxymorphone (0.1 mg/kg), atropine (0.1 mg/kg), or saline were monitored to determine whether opioid-induced changes in colonic motility affect antinociceptive measurements when using colorectal distension (CRD) as a nociceptive assay. Polygraph recordings of colonic pressures, contraction frequencies, and the pressurevolume relationship of the stimulus showed that oxymorphone produced a transient increase in contraction frequencies when compared to atropine- and saline-treated rats. The transient increase in contraction frequency caused by oxymorphone declined to baseline levels at 30 min after administration, the time at which the nociceptive threshold for CRD was tested. Neither oxymorphone nor atropine changed baseline pressures or the pressure-volume curve for the balloon stimulus. Antinociceptive results from CRD at 30 min posttreatment showed that only oxymorphone produced significant antinociception. We conclude that oxymorphone does not produce changes in colonic motility that complicate antinociceptive measurements in CRD and that CRD is an effective means of testing opioid-induced visceral antinociception.
Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior – Elsevier
Published: Nov 1, 1995
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