The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of dietary fat, vitamin E, and iron on oxidative damage and antioxidant status in kidneys of mice. Sixty 1-month-old male Swiss-Webster mice were fed a basal vitamin E-deficient diet that contained either 8% fish oil + 2% corn oil or 10% lard with or without 1 g all-rac -α-tocopherol acetate or 0.74 g ferric citrate per kilogram of diet for 4 weeks. Significantly ( P < 0.05) higher levels of lipid peroxidation products, thiobarbituric acid reactants (TBAR), and conjugated dienes were found in the kidneys of mice fed with fish oil compared with mice fed lard irrespective of vitamin E status. Mice maintained on a vitamin E-deficient diet had significantly higher renal levels of TBAR, but not conjugated dienes, than the supplemented group. Fish oil fed mice receiving vitamin E supplementation had lower levels of α-tocopherol than did mice in the lard fed group. Significantly higher levels of ascorbic acid were also found in the kidneys of mice fed with fish oil than were found in mice fed lard. The levels of protein carbonyls and glutathione (GSH), and activities of catalase, superoxide dismutase, selenium (Se)-GSH peroxidase, and non-Se-GSH peroxidase were not significantly altered by dietary fat or vitamin E. Dietary iron had no significant effect on any of the oxidative stress and antioxidant indices measured. The results obtained provide experimental evidence for the pro-oxidant effect of high fish oil intake in mouse kidney and suggest that dietary lipids play a key role in determining cellular susceptibility to oxidative stress.
The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry – Elsevier
Published: Nov 1, 1999
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