Numerous composite structures with excellent integrative performance that can replicate the mechanical properties of biological materials have been created to fill gaps in material-property charts, and these bio-inspired structures have crucial implications in a wide range of engineering communities. In this paper, a series of novel bio-inspired aluminum honeycombs consisting of horseshoe mesostructure have been proposed on the basis of triangular honeycomb, square honeycomb, hexagonal honeycomb and kagome honeycomb to improve the energy absorption capacity. The three-dimensional finite element models of the bio-inspired horseshoe-shaped aluminum honeycombs are developed in order to explore the mechanical behaviors under the out-of-plane uniform compression. The simulation results are validated based on the compression experiments of regular hexagonal honeycombs. Besides, parametric investigations are carried out to understand the influences of the wave amplitude, wave number and cell-wall thickness on the out-of-plane crashworthiness. The numerical results demonstrate that adding the horseshoe mesostructure to the regular honeycombs can increase the plateau force greatly compared with the traditional honeycomb structure, leading to the higher specific energy absorption although increasing the initial peak force as well. Finally, a multi-objective optimization is carried out to seek for the optimal honeycombs with the maximum specific energy absorption together with the minimum initial peak force simultaneously.
Thin-Walled Structures – Elsevier
Published: Apr 1, 2018
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