Incidental findings from animal experiments involving administration of exogenous opioid agonists indicate that there are close links between the endogenous opioid system and feeding behaviour. Subsequent investigations aimed at elucidating the nature of the opioid-feeding relationship led to a wide variety of findings, some of them apparently contradictory. This paper examines the effects of opioid agonists and antagonists on feeding behaviour, and considers the evidence relating levels of endogenous opioids to feeding states, with particular reference to certain eating disorders, including anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, Prader-Willi syndrome, and eating-induced obesity. The receptors which may be involved in opioid-feeding relationships are discussed. Relationships between the endogenous opioid system and other systems, such as the dopaminergic, noradrenergic and hormonal systems, are considered insofar as they may have bearing on the modulation of feeding behaviour. Finally, three theories are briefly outlined which attempt to link the endogenous opioid system with feeding modulation and the pathogenesis of certain eating disorders. The suggestion is put forward that anorexia nervosa may represent a pathological consequence of the triggering of a primitive mechanism for coping with unforeseen food shortages which may have short-term advantages, e.g., for masking or temporarily alleviating a depressed state.
Medical Hypotheses – Elsevier
Published: Nov 1, 1995
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera