I document that operating performance improves following 4,729 announcements of open market share repurchase programs from 1981 to 2000. Moreover, the capital market responds favorably to earnings announcements after the program announcements. Further analysis reveals that both the operating performance improvement and the positive earnings announcement returns are limited to those firms that actually repurchase shares during the same fiscal quarter. Last, I report that a subsample of firms that initiate the repurchases in quarters following the program announcements experience improvements after the initiation quarter, suggesting that actual repurchases, and not announcements per se, portend future performance improvements.
Journal of Accounting and Economics – Elsevier
Published: Sep 1, 2005
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