Article history: In this research, a method for the fabrication of nickel nanocones through the addition of CaCl ·2H O to 2 2 Received 25 December 2015 an electrodeposition solution was proposed. When electrodeposition was performed after CaCl ·2H O 2 2 Received in revised form 29 January 2016 addition, precipitation of the Ni ions onto the (2 0 0) crystal face was suppressed and anisotropic growth of Accepted 1 February 2016 the nickel electrodeposited structures was promoted. Sharper nanocones were produced with increasing Available online 3 February 2016 concentration of CaCl ·2H O added to the solution. Moreover, when temperature of the electrodeposition 2 2 solutions approached 60 C, the apex angle of the nanostructures decreased. In addition, the nanocones Keywords: produced were applied to superhydrophobic surface modiﬁcation using a plasma-polymerized ﬂuoro- Nanocone carbon (PPFC) coating. When the solution temperature was maintained at 60 C and the concentration CaCl ·2H O 2 2 of the added CaCl ·2H O was 1.2 M or higher, the fabricated samples showed superhydrophobic surface 2 2 Electrodeposition properties. The proposed nickel nanocone formation method can be applied to various industrial ﬁelds Nickel nanostructure Superhydrophobic that require metal nanocones, including superhydrophobic surface modiﬁcation.
Applied Surface Science – Elsevier
Published: Apr 30, 2016
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