Oleamide compounds purified from green algae have been used for the prevention and treatment of atherosclerosis, thrombosis, arthritis, and cancer. They function through their metabolic conversion into prostaglandins, thromboxanes, and leukotrienes. However, the actual mechanism of action has not been well characterized. To investigate the underlying anti-inflammatory activity and associated mechanisms, oleamide purified from Codium fragile was studied using RAW264.7 murine macrophages and a carrageenan-induced inflammatory rat model. Our results indicate that pre-treatment of RAW264.7 cells with oleamide significantly suppressed LPS-induced nitrite production and PGE2 secretion. Oleamide inhibited LPS-induced iNOS and COX-2 mRNA and protein expression. It also inhibited the LPS-induced production of inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-1β, and IL-6. In addition, oleamide prevented the nuclear translocation of NF-κB by suppressing the phosphorylation of the inhibitor of kappa B (IκB)-α. Oleamide also suppressed the phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinases such as ERK1/2 and JNK. Furthermore, inhibition of paw swelling (%) was suppressed 2 h after the intraperitoneal injection of oleamide (20 mg/kg, body weight) in a carrageen-induced rat model. Therefore, our results suggest that oleamide can be used as a single ingredient treatment for inflammatory diseases.
International Immunopharmacology – Elsevier
Published: Mar 1, 2018
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