Applied Thermal Engineering 103 (2016) 1441–1449 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Applied Thermal Engineering journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/apthermeng Research Paper Numerical investigation of the effect of magnetic ﬁeld on the onset of nanoﬂuid convection a b c a a,⇑ Dhananjay Yadav , Junye Wang , Rama Bhargava , Jinho Lee , Hyung Hee Cho School of Mechanical Engineering, Yonsei University, Seoul 120 749, South Korea Faculty of Science and Technology, Athabasca University, 1 University Drive, Athabasca, AB T9S 3A3, Canada Department of Mathematics, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, India highl i ghts graphical a bstrac t Nanoﬂuid convection with magnetic ﬁeld is studied with rigid–rigid surfaces. Both the zero ﬂux and the constant boundary conditions are taken for nanoparticle. The resulting eigenvalue problem is solved numerically using the Galerkin method. The numerical computations are presented for Al O –water and Cu– 2 3 water nanoﬂuids. The zero ﬂux condition has more destabilizing effect for Al O , while 2 3 reverse for Cu nanoﬂuid. article i nfo abstract Article history: The present analysis aims at investigating the effect of a uniform vertical magnetic ﬁeld on the onset of Received 28 September 2015 convection in an electrically conducting nanoﬂuid layer with
Clinica Chimica Acta – Elsevier
Published: May 1, 2018
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